In the second chapter of Việt Nam: A History from Earliest Times to the Present author Ben Kiernan has a passage where he writes about Việt society in the third century AD.
His point in this passage is to argue that even after a long period of Chinese rule, indigenous social and religious practices persisted.
To quote, he states that,
“Even after three hundred years and fifty years [sic] of imperial rule in Jiaozhi and Jiuzhen, and even as Confucianism took root among the emerging elite, the Chinese were still able to rule much of the countryside only indirectly, if at all. Việt customs and gender relations persisted.” (92)
What were some of these customs and gender relations? One, Kiernan argues, concerned the involvement of women in the performance of certain religious rites.